Who will oversee the world’s climate plans

There is no formal organization tasked with ensuring that countries are moving in the right direction individually.
Who will oversee the world's climate plans
This image, taken on August 26, 2021, shows the glacier above the Arctic Circle in northern Sweden shrinking and its peak melting. Global warming in Sweden triples (Photo: AFP file)

Countries have until the end of 2022 to fulfill the commitments made in the Paris Agreement on global warming. But who will see if their promises have been fulfilled?

The question is so sensitive that at the moment the answer is … The countries themselves. Although countries have agreed on a global goal aimed at averting the devastating effects of climate change, emissions of fuels and other greenhouse gases continue to rise as they should have.

And there is no formal organization tasked with ensuring that countries are moving in the right direction individually. There are no police to investigate this and that is the weakness of the process,” meteorologist Koren Lee Koire, who monitors climate change, told AFP.

Nearly 200 countries signed the landmark Paris Agreement in 2015 and pledged to reduce global warming to a maximum of 1.5 degrees Celsius. At the COP 26 Climate Summit in Glasgow in November 2021, countries called on all governments to align their emissions plans with the Paris Agreement by the end of 2022.

But each country will effectively check its own climate work. This means that countries will move forward at a pace that is in line with their political system Lee said. Because of this, emissions could not be reduced much faster.

The United Nations Climate Change Organization estimates that countries’ emissions reduction plan by 2030 will bring global temperatures to a catastrophic 2.7 degrees Celsius.

A separate annual analysis by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) provides a more comprehensive overview of the differences between climate promise and the real reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Is.

It focuses on the rich countries of the G20. Which is responsible for about 80% of emissions. One of the authors of the UNEP report, Ann O’Loughlin, said: “We do not name names at all, but we do refer to members of the G20 who are certainly not on the right track, like Australia and Mexico.

In fact, experts also doubt that countries will agree to any formal external audit We’ve heard very clearly in Glasgow that countries like the United States say they alone will determine the path for their country to reach 1.5C,” said Bill Herr of research group Climate Analytics. And the United States is by no means alone.

I do not think that the European Union is responsible for this, because we are on the path to abiding by the Paris Agreement European Commission Vice-President Fran is Timmermans told AFP during the COP conference in Glasgow. We can prove it with facts
Who will oversee the world's climate plans
Human rights activists in Pakistan demonstrate in Lahore on November 8, 2021, during the UN COP 26 Climate Summit (Photo: AFP)

There are a few independent analytics agencies, such as Climate Action Tracker (CAT), that calculate countries moving towards 1.5C, 2C, 3C or worse.

Heer, a member of CAT’s partner organization, said that as the 2022 deadline approaches, CAT and other analysts will create “a lot of debate and disagreement. 

He said that some countries need to be named in order to move forward. The obvious danger of name-calling helps some countries focus on what they need to do to get it right.

Veljo, who belongs to the think tank IDDRI, said that even the most aspiring countries would have to improve their arguments” to convince the people that their statistics have improved. Civil society, the media, and even other countries will force governments to do more.

Peer pressure works said, one Western diplomat. Countries that do not comply with the Paris Agreement will come under pressure. Even countries that are most keen on reducing fuel emissions will not be able to take their word for it.

Olof said rich countries could potentially face historic fuel emissions burdens and questions about justice and equality. The Paris Agreement sets out the principles of “shared but distinct responsibilities according to national conditions.

Therefore, some people think that rich countries are mostly responsible for global warming and therefore they should act more responsibly than poor countries. 

But the key message is the same, Olof said. If they want to stop global warming, all countries need to see if we can do something faster he said.

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